Imam Shafi placed great importance on the Traditions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and explicitly formulated the rules for establishing the Islamic law. These are the two authentic, perfect, infallible sources, whereas every individual judgment is subject to acceptance and rejection. Muslims are to abide by the Qur an and the Sunnah. Neither Allah nor His Messenger oblige us to abide by Hanafi, Maliki school or otherwise. Original Question: Which school of jurisprudence (fiqh) do the majority of the people in each Muslim country follow Original Details: Let’s break this down sect by sect and school by school: 1. Fiqh (فقه ) is Islamic jurisprudence.Fiqh is an expansion of the Sharia Islamic law—based directly on the Quran and Sunnah—that complements Shariah with evolving rulings/interpretations of Islamic jurists.. Fiqh deals with the observance of rituals and social legislation. Therefore, it is permissible for a lay Muslim to follow one of the valid schools of Fiqh provided that whenever he learns that the Sunnah is other than the opinion of that school of Fiqh, he should follow the Sunnah and not the school of Fiqh. Abiding by a certain Madhhab (School of Fiqh) is not a religious obligation. The third school was founded by Imam al-Shafi (d. 820 A.D.) who was a disciple of Imam Malik. Though the Shi'ah Imamia is also called Jafariah, this does not mean that the sole source of the Shi'ah Fiqh … The first one to establish a formal school of Fiqh was Imam Muhammed ibn Idris al Shafi’i (d. 820). Conclusion From the above discussion it is truth that the four school of thought plays a fundamental role in contribution of Fiqh and codification and compilation of Islamic law. Introduction of Maliki School of Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) Fiqh Maliki came in to being after the Fiqh Hanafi in historical order. Following a particular school of Fiqh is permissible and not obligatory. The Shafiyya School. Introduction of Hanafi School of Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) Fiqh Hanafi is the oldest of all four Sunni Fiqhi schools. It was founded in the city of the Prophet Medina and was called Maliki after the name of Imam Malik bin Anas. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The school of Shi'ah Islam: The Jaferi or Ja'fari school (Iran, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Lebanon, Bahrain, Pakistan, India and parts of Afghanistan and Saudi Arabia) is associated with Shi'ah Islam. Law of Ilzam also solves problems arising due to conflicting laws in fiqh between Shia school of fiqh and Sunni school of fiqh on the same issue. This school spread the most in the Islamic world and it is followed by a majority of the Muslims. There are four prominent Sunni schools of fiqh and one school for the Shi'a. These laws were first explained by our 5th Imam (AS). 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